Peru: Ancient Lambayeque rulers entice people to visit museums

13:48 | Chiclayo (Lambayeque region), May. 14.

The Lord of Sipan, the Lord of Sican, the Chornancap Priestess, and the Last Inca Ruler of Tucume showed up at modern and illuminated businesses to invite citizens to visit their exhibition places this Saturday, May 18, on the occasion of the International Museum Day.

The staging was done at a crowded mall in northern Chiclayo City on Saturday by Lambayeque's Execution Unit 005 Naylamp. As part of the performance, large photographs came to life as ancient Lambayeque rulers made their appearance.

May 18 is observed worldwide as the International Museum Day since 1977 at the initiative of the International Council of Museums comprised of professionals dedicated —since 1946— to the promotion and protection of natural and cultural heritage.

There are six State-run museums in Lambayeque: Brüning, Royal Tombs of Sipan, Sican, Tucume, Huaca Rajada-Sipan, and Chotuna-Chornancap.

The northern Lambayeque region is the cradle of civilization but four elite characters play a prominent role due to their political, religious positions and this is evidenced in the impressive burial paraphernalia found at their graves as well as in the research.


In chronological order, the Lord of Sipan was a Moche ruler belonging to the third century A. D., whose finding and research in 1987 —by Walter Alva— made a significant impact on Peruvian archaeology.

This was the first royal tomb that archaeologists discovered intact. His remains are exhibited at Royal Tombs of Sipan, which, along with Huaca Rajada-Sipan (Zaña), through the collection of valuable artifacts, explains how the Mochica society was.

The Lord of Sican was found at the Pomac Forest Historical Sanctuary, in Ferreñafe. He ruled between the 11th and 12th centuries and his tomb was found intact at Huaca Loro by Izumi Shimada in 1991. 

The successful research resulted in the establishment of the Sican National Museum that was financed by the Peru-Japan Countervalue Fund.

In 2011, a research led by Carlos Wester at the Chotuna-Chornancap Archaeological Complex enabled the discovery of the Chornancap Priestess' tomb.

Her grave goods are displayed at Brüning National Archaeological Museum, which is complimented with the visit to the Chotuna-Chornancap Site Museum.

Finally, thanks to the investigation headed by Thor Heyerdahl between 1989 and 1994, the Last Inca Ruler of Tucume was unearthed at Huaca Larga.

He was found along with the bodies of 19 female weavers and two men. His burial paraphernalia is on display at Tucume Museum, which was enlarged in 2014.


Published: 5/14/2019