Joined by his Cabinet, Peru's Prime Minister Salvador del Solar addresses Congress to ask lawmakers to renew their confidence in the Council of Ministers
The motion of confidence is a constitutional mechanism provided under the 1993 Constitution of Peru. It was created to offer a way out for the Executive Branch when it comes into open collision with Parliament.
Via this mechanism, a State Minister —on an individual basis— or the Prime Minister —on behalf of the Cabinet— can ask Congress for a vote of confidence regarding a law or government initiative, according to articles 132 and 133 of the Constitution.
Under article 133 of the Constitution, the denial of the confidence
leads to a total crisis in the Cabinet.
Dissolution of Congress
Article 134 of the Constitution states that the President of the Republic has the power to close Congress if the latter has passed the motion of censure or denied the vote of confidence to two Cabinets.
In this sense, if the Executive does not gain a vote of confidence from Parliament, it will be the second time this branch of government denies support to the current administration.
Moreover, the above-mentioned article states that the dissolution decree must contain an announcement of elections for a new Congress, which must be held within four months from the date of dissolution, without modification of the pre-existing electoral system.