Peru: Congress approves six political reform bills

15:58 | Lima, Jul. 26.

Peruvian Congress has approved the six political reform bills submitted by the Executive Branch within the framework of the confidence motion approved by Parliament on June 5.

The proposals were passed within the period of time established by Parliament itself, as it extended the recent legislative term until July 25.

These are the reforms that Congress approved: 

1. Registration and dissolution of political parties 

-It modifies the Political Parties Law. 

-In order to register a political party, a roll of affiliates —with no less than 0.1% of citizens who voted in the last elections— is required. 

-The dissolution of a political party will be carried out if it does not have at least 5 representatives at Congress in more than one constituency and at least 5% of valid votes across the country in parliamentary elections. 

-For electoral alliances, the bar will be raised by 1% for each additional party. 

-The alliances that may have obtained representation or won the election shall remain operative during the corresponding term. 

2. Internal democracy 

-It modifies the Political Organizations Law. 

-It establishes that the election of political party candidates must be through primary, open, and obligatory elections, including militants and citizens. 

-Political parties —which have already been constituted— can exceptionally elect their candidates for 2021 in closed internal elections among their militants. 

-The candidates for primary elections must have at least 6 months of affiliation in the party before these elections are held.

-The order of the candidates in the lists will be established by the party's competent body, respecting the principles of internal democracy. 

3. Political parties financing

-It includes, in the Criminal Code, the political organizations' improper financing offense and the falsifying information on contributions, income, and expenses offense, as well as a list of forbidden financing sources. 

-The person —who intentionally requests, receives, or delivers financing from a forbidden source— will be punished by deprivation of liberty from two to up to five years.

-It also prohibits financing from Non-Governmental Organizations to political parties, unless it is intended for militant training. 

4. Impediment to run as candidates for public office

-It reforms the Constitution.

-It includes Article 34-A forbidding any person —who has been sentenced in first instance for intentional crimes— to run as candidate.

-It also establishes that those sentenced for international crimes cannot become officials. 

5. Equality and alternation 

-It proposes progressive equality in the list of candidates. The 2021 elections list should include at least 40% of women and 40% of men. Later, for the 2026 list, the quota will be 45% of men and 45% of women. In 2031, it will reach 50% of men and 50% of women. 

-The lists will be composed of men and women in an alternating manner. 

6. Parliamentary immunity 

-Parliamentary immunity will remain a power of Congress, and it establishes a period of 45 days for its assessment. If this term is not complied with, the Supreme Court can request for it to be resolved by the Constitutional Court (TC). 

-The lifting of parliamentary immunity requires the favorable vote of half plus one of the number of lawmakers or TC magistrates, depending on the case. 
-Arrest immunity has been removed. 


Published: 7/26/2019
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