More than 3,309,635 Peruvians —meaning 10% of the total population— left the country between 1990 and 2020 and have not returned, the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI)
Out of that total, 51.9% are women and 48.1% are men, according to the publication "Peru: Statistics of International Migration of Peruvians and Immigration of Foreigners."
45.8% of Peruvians who left the country without return were between 20 and 39 years old, while 64% were single (more women than men).
Where do they live?
According to the INEI, as of 2021, 64.8% of Peruvians living abroad reside in a country in the Americas: 32.7% live in North America, 31.1% in South America, and 1.0% in Central America.
Meanwhile, 30.5% of Peruvian migrants live in Europe, 4.1% in Asia, and 0.7% are believed to reside in Oceania or in an African country.
Sorted by the country of residence, most Peruvians live in the United States (30.2%), followed by Spain (15.4%), Argentina (13.6%), Chile (11.8%), Italy (10.2%), Japan (3.7%), and Canada (1.9%), which together make up 86.8% of Peruvian migrants, while 13.2% live in other countries.
Additionally, Buenos Aires is the city that hosts the majority of Peruvian immigrants (10.0%).